Involve people at an early stage so that they feel part of the research and also have a sense of ownership of the research. Consider involving people in the identification and prioritisation of the research topic and the development of the research question. Ethical approval is not needed where people are involved in planning or advising on research, for example as a co-applicant on a research grant, a member of an advisory group or in developing a questionnaire.
Find out more about public involvement in research and the requirements of research ethics review:
Patient and public involvement in research and research ethics committee review A statement developed by the National Research Ethics Service (NRES) and INVOLVE (2009)
Public involvement in research applications to the National Research Ethics Centre: Comparative analysis of 2010 and 2012 data (Tarpey and Bite 2014)
Health Research Authority